Guidelines Page for Keeping a Scientific Notebook
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you can add these guidelines or your own documentation policy to any custom lab notebook, log book, or other books used for scientific research and development to protect your ideas and discoveries in a legally credible fashion
Laboratory Notebook Guidelines
Using a Notebook to record ideas, inventions, experimentation records, observations and all work details
is a vital part of any laboratory process. Careful attention to how you keep your Notebook can have a
positive impact on the patent outcome of a pending discovery or invention.
Following are some overall recommendations to help you keep more efficient and accurate Notebook
entries. Remember, however, that these are simply a suggested set of guidelines. Only your attorney can supply the
exact guidelines she would like you to follow to satisfy specific legal requirements. That is why we recommend that
you consult your legal counsel.
Your Notebook is a vital record of your work whether it is for patent
purposes, legal records or documenting drug research under FDA guidelines. The Notebook can help you
- Exact details and dates of conception
- Details and dates of
reduction to practice
- Diligence in reducing your invention to
- Details regarding the structure and operation of your
- Experimentation observations and results
- A chronological record of your work
- Other work details
Follow a few simple rules of thumb
- Always record entries legibly,
neatly and in permanent ink.
- Immediately enter into your notebook and date all original concepts, data and
observations, using separate headings to differentiate each.
- Record all concepts, results, references and
other information in a systematic and orderly manner. (Language, charts and numbering systems should be maintained
- It is acceptable to make your entries brief. Always, however, include enough details
for someone else to successfully duplicate the work you have recorded.
- Label all figures and
- Never, under any circumstances, remove pages from your notebook.
Remember to treat your Notebook as a legal document: It records the chronological history of
your activities. The following guidelines should help you maintain the consistent and accurate entries needed for
future legal purposes.
- Start entries at the top of the first page, and always make successive, dated entries, working your way to the
bottom of the last page.
- After completing a page, sign it before continuing to the next page.
sure that you record the date of each entry clearly and unambiguously.
- Never let anyone other than yourself
write in your Notebook (excluding witness signatures, discussed later).
- Never leave blank spaces, and never erase or remove material you have added. Simply draw lines through any
blank spaces at the same time you are making your entries.
- Do not erase errors. Just draw a single line
through any erroneous entry, then add your initials. Enter the correct entry nearby.
- You can supplement your
entries with supporting material (e.g., test-result printouts and other documentation). But you must permanently affix
the material onto a page in its proper chronological location.
- Never rely solely on any supplemental
attachment. Always include your own entry describing the attachment and add any conclusions that you might draw from
- Occasionally, secondary sources might be too large or inappropriate to attach directly to your
notebook. In this case, you can add all secondary sources to an ancillary record maintained precisely for this
purpose. However, always remember to write a description of these secondary sources, clearly and unambiguously, in
Documenting Patent Activities
A primary purpose of a Notebook is the support of documenting work that may be patentable. To support
patent activities, it is necessary to provide clear, concise, chronological entries with specific dates. To rely on
these dates, you must have at least one non-inventor corroborate that the events actually happened and that he or she
understood your invention by signing and dating the "Disclosed to and Understood by" signature blocks.
Notebook should help you document and prove:
- Conception Date--The date that you knew
your invention would solve the problem.
- Date of reduction to practice--The moment that you made a
working embodiment of your invention.
- Diligence in reducing your invention to practice--Diligence
refers to your intent and conscious effort to make a working embodiment. You are not required to rush, or even to take
the most efficient development strategy. But your Notebook must include details relating to your diligent activities.
These are dates and facts that show what activities you have conducted to reduce the invention to practice, and when
such activities were conducted. Since you may still be diligent despite periods of not working on reducing your
invention to practice, always remember to provide reasonable excuses for these periods of inactivity by supplying
facts relating to why there was no activity during the period in question. (e.g., unavailability of test conditions or
- How to make and use your invention--provide documentation details sufficient to teach a
colleague how to make and use your invention.
- The best mode of practicing your invention--document
the best way to practice your invention.
A non-inventor colleague should corroborate each of these
events/facts by signing the "Disclosed to and Understood by" on the relevant pages.
* BookFactory provides these sample guidelines "AS IS" without any warranty.
For help with obtaining patents see InventHelp - America's leading invention help company.